What is acne pigment?
Once active acne has healed with an inflammatory response, acne pigment can develop. Some people are more prone to this post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), also known as post-inflammatory pigment alteration (PIPA).
Once this pigment sets in, it may fade slowly over months and years or could be permanent. Certain skin types are more prone to PIH, such as Asian or Hispanic skin. If a burn or cut on the body heals with brown pigment, this predicts the development of acne pigment. Acne may be adolescent or adult and may be found on the face, chest (chestne) or back (backne).
What can be done?
As darker skin types are more prone to acne pigment when inflamed, it is important that this skin type is treated slowly and on lower than usual settings when using light or laser-based devices.
- IPL Photofacial can help reduce brown acne pigment with a few treatments in lighter skin that is not tanned.
- Fraxel Dual 1550/1927 requires multiple treatments to reduce acne pigment.
- Anti-aging skin care products containing lightening ingredients such as Hydroquinone, or non-hydroquinone such as Ellagic acid.
Lytera from SkinMedica which will all help slowly reduce acne pigment.
- SkinCeutical Glycolic and Lactic Acid Peel as well as Salicylic and Mandelic Acid Peels can aid with exfoliation.
- Venus Viva for skin remodeling and resurfacing.